The difference between the principles of F.W. Taylor and Henry Fayol is related to their function and techniques adopted by them. Taylor was primarily focused on optimum utilization of resources and efficiency of the workers, whereas Fayol focuses on the efficiency of managers.
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Principles of F.W.Taylor :
Frederick Winslow Taylor’s principles were based on the observations in the factories where production methods are not good, planning and working methods were not in a better way.
Scientific Principles of Management:
There are four principles given by F.W.Taylor which are as follows:
1 Science, not the rule of thumb:
Rule of thumb (general guidelines) is a principle with broad application but it is not reliable for every situation which is based on practices and experiences whereas scientific decisions are based on cause and effect relationship.
A manager should not make every decision based on his experience he should take decisions scientifically if actually wants to maximise efficiency in the work. Taylor introduced the standard time for a job and work-study to perform the activities in the best and cheapest way.
2. Harmony, not discord:
Discord means lack of harmony. Taylor insists on the mental revolution which helps in change the attitude of the workmen. He emphasis on harmony and develop positive thinking among the workers. Taylor feels that every organisation can be developed and grow if the employees are working in harmony and far away from discrepancies.
3. Cooperation, not individualism:
According to this principle, work must be done with the cooperation and mutual understanding.
let’s take one example: At the time of assigning the job to workers if management asks them about their area of interest then definitely the workers will perform the work more efficiently.
Sharing of gains (bonus, surplus profits) between employees and management leads to harmony and prosperity of the organisation.
4. Development of workers to their greatest efficiency and prosperity:
In this principle, Taylor mainly focuses on the appropriate selection of employees and giving job according to their skills and capabilities.
Principles of Henry Fayol:
Henry Fayol(father of management studies and thoughts). He was born in France in 1841. He got a degree in mining engineering in 1860 and then start working as an engineer in a coal mining company.
He develops the functions of management and put these functions according to the sequence: planning, organising staffing, directing, controlling.
He also develops 14 principles of management to perform the managerial activities for the desired goals of the organisation.
1. Division of work
2. Authority and responsibility
4. Unity of command
5. Unity of direction
6. Subordination of individual interest to general interest
7. Remuneration of person
8. Centralisation and Decentralisation
9. Scaler chain
10. Principle of Order
11. Principle of equity
12. Stability of tenure of Personnel
14. Esprit de corps
Chart of Difference Between Principles of F.W.Taylor and Henry Fayol: –
Basis of Difference
|Base||Taylor’s principles were based on the observations in the factories.||He develops 14 principles of management to perform managerial activities.|
|Adaptation||Taylor insists Production and engineering||Fayol insists on Managerial functions.|
|Level||Taylor started his study from the lowest level.||Fayol started from the highest level in the organisation.|
|Focus||Taylor mainly focuses on eliminating wasteful movements and better utilisation of resources.||Fayol focuses on the development and better management.|
|He contributes to the development of scientific techniques and principles.||Fayol’s contribution was the development of 14 principles of general management.|
|Unity of command||Taylor insists on minimising 8 bosses.||Fayol mainly follows the principle of one boss for one employee.|
|Expression||Scientific techniques are expressed as Scientific Management.||Fayol suggests the techniques as General Theory of Administration.|
|Applicability||Scientific management is applicable for some specialised situations.||Fayol’s principles are universally aplicable.|
Both the management scholars having great experience in their fields. Fayol suggested that work should be divided into small units and follows the principle of one boss for one employee. Taylor insists on minimising 8 bosses. The work should be divided according to the qualification of the workforce for better results.
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please comment your feedback whatever you want. If you have any questions, please ask us by commenting. Fayol suggested that work should be divided into small units and creating departments instead of assigning the whole work to one person whereas Taylor insists on minimising 8 bosses
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