Differences between Economics Terms of Class 12



To understand the meaning of any term you also need the thing not included in the meaning of that term. So, knowing the difference between two terms will clarify the meaning of both terms. With the help of the Differences between Economics terms of the Class 12 chapter, you will understand the meaning of various terms of Economics for class 12.


Economics is a fascinating subject that delves into the intricate workings of the economy. For Class 12 students, gaining a solid comprehension of key economic terms is essential to excel in their studies. In this article, we will explore and explain some of the fundamental concepts in economics, focusing on the distinctions between them. Whether you’re a student or an enthusiast, this article will help clarify the differences between important economic terms.

  • Macroeconomics vs. Microeconomics: Understanding the Scope
    • Macroeconomics: Analyzing the Bigger Picture
    • Microeconomics: Focusing on Individual Units
  • Demand vs. Supply: Exploring Market Forces
    • Demand: Consumer’s Willingness to Purchase
    • Supply: Producer’s Willingness to Offer
  • Inflation vs. Deflation: Examining Price Movements
    • Inflation: General Increase in Price Levels
    • Deflation: General Decrease in Price Levels
  • Fiscal Policy vs. Monetary Policy: Managing the Economy
    • Fiscal Policy: Government’s Use of Taxes and Spending
    • Monetary Policy: Central Bank’s Control over Money Supply
  • National Income vs. Per Capita Income: Measuring Economic Performance
    • National Income: Total Income Generated within a Country
    • Per Capita Income: Average Income per Individual
  • Economic Growth vs. Economic Development: Assessing Progress
    • Economic Growth: Increase in Real GDP over Time
    • Economic Development: Improving Living Standards and Human Well-being
  • Poverty vs. Inequality: Addressing Social Issues
    • Poverty: Lack of Basic Necessities and Low Income
    • Inequality: Unequal Distribution of Income and Wealth
  • Market Economy vs. Planned Economy: Evaluating Economic Systems
    • Market Economy: Decisions Made by Individuals and Businesses
    • Planned Economy: Centralized Control by the Government
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) vs. Gross National Product (GNP): Measuring Economic Output
    • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Value of Goods and Services Produced within a Country
    • Gross National Product (GNP): Value of Goods and Services Produced by Nationals, Regardless of Location

Understanding the differences between economics terms is crucial for students studying the subject at the Class 12 level. By grasping these distinctions, students can develop a solid foundation in economics and apply their knowledge effectively. This article has explored various key terms, highlighting the disparities between them. By delving into topics such as macroeconomics versus microeconomics, demand versus supply, inflation versus deflation, and many more, students can enhance their comprehension of these essential concepts. With a firm grasp of these distinctions, students will be better equipped to navigate the complexities of economics and excel in their studies.

Futher you can Also check out the difference between various terms of Financial Accountancy for Class 12 and Business Studies For Class 12. 

Differences between Economics terms of Class 12 – Business Economics

We have covered all of the Differences between Economics terms of Class 12 which will help you to clear your doubts about various topics. So please read the all differences one by one.

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