# Question 50 Chapter 5 of +2-A – T.S. Grewal 12 Class Part – A Vol. 1

Question No.50 Chapter No.5 - T.S. Grewal +2 Book 2019-Solution

Question 50 Chapter 5 of +2-A

50. Mr. A commenced business with a capital of 2,50,000 on 1st April, 2013.
During the five years ended 31st March, 2018, the following profits and losses were made:
31st March, 2014−Loss 5,000
31st March, 2015−Profit 13,000
31st March, 2016−Profit 17,000
31st March, 2017−Profit 20,000
31st March, 2018−Profit 25,000
During this period he had drawn 40,000 for his personal use. On 1st April, 2018, he admitted B into partnership on the following terms:
B to bring for his half share in the business, capital equal to A’s Capital on 31st March, 2018 and to pay for the one-half share of goodwill of the business, on the basis of three times the average profit of the last five years. Prepare the statement showing what amount B should invest to become a partner and pass entries to record the transactions relating to admission.

## The solution of Question 50 Chapter 5 of +2-A: –

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit Credit Cash A/c Dr 3,01,000 To B’s Capital A/c 2,80,000 To Premium for Goodwill A/c 21,000 (Being B brought for his share of Capital and Goodwill) Premium for Goodwill A/c Dr 21,000 To A’s Capital A/c 21,000 (Being B share of goodwill transferred to A’s Capital Account)

Working Note: –

 Capital as on April 01, 2013 2,50,000 Less: Loss for the year 2014 – 5,000 Add: Profit for the year 2015 13,000 Add: Profit for the year 2016 17,000 Add: Profit for the year 2017 20,000 Add: Profit for the year 2018 25,000 3,20,000 Less: Drawings – 40,000 Capital as on March 31, 2018 2,80,000

 Average Profit = Total Profit for past given years Number of years
 Average Profit = – 5,000 + 13,000 + 17,000 + 20,000 + 25,000 5
 Average Profit = 70,000 5 = 14,000

Number of years’ purchase= 3

 Goodwill = Average Profit X Number of years’ purchase = 14,000 X 3 = 42,000

 Old Ratio of E and F = 3 : 1 New Ratio of E, F, and G = 1 : 1 : 1

Sacrificing Share = Old Ratio – New Ratio

 Total Firm’s Goodwill = 42,000
 Total Firm’s Goodwill = 42,000 X 1 2 = 21,000

Only two partner in the partnership Firm. one is gaining and other sacrificing. So the whole share of goodwill bring by the gaining partner will be transfer to the sacrificing partner.

 Share of Goodwill Transfer to A = B’s Share of Goodwill
 = 21,000

### T.S. Grewal’s Double Entry Book Keeping +2 (Vol. I: Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations and Partnership Firms)

• Chapter No. 1 – Financial Statement of Not-For-Profit Organisations
• Chapter No. 2 – Accounting for Partnership Firms – Fundamentals
• Chapter No. 3 – Goodwill: Nature and Valuation
• Chapter No. 4 – Change in Profit-Sharing Ratio Among the Existing Partners
• Chapter No. 5 – Admission of a Partner
• Chapter No. 6 – Retirement/Death of a Partner
• Chapter No. 7 – Dissolution of a Partnership Firm

### T.S. Grewal’s Double Entry Book Keeping (Vol. II: Accounting for Companies)

• Chapter No. 1 – Financial Statements of a Company
• Chapter No. 2 – Financial Statement Analysis
• Chapter No. 3 – Tools of Financial Statement Analysis – Comparative Statements and Common- Size Statements
• Chapter No. 4 – Accounting Ratios
• Chapter No. 5 – Cash Flow Statement