# Difference between Total Cost and Total Revenue The basic difference between Total cost and total revenue is that the total cost includes the total expenditure incurred on the production of a commodity whereas total revenue refers to the money received from selling that commodity.

To know the difference between these two, we must clear the meaning of these terms:

## Meaning of Total Cost:-

It refers to the total cost of all the resources used to produce any particular output. For the short term, we can classify the cost into fixed and variable-like factors.

Therefore,

In this period, the total cost can be expressed as:

TC = TFC + TVC

Here,

TC denotes Total Cost

TFC denotes the total fixed costs

TVC denotes the total variable costs

Therefore, it can be written as:

Total Cost = (Total Fixed Costs) + (Total Variable Costs)

Here, the total fixed costs refer to the expenditure incurred on Fixed factors of production and Total variable costs refer to the total expenditure incurred on variable factors of production.

## Meaning of Total Revenue:-

It refers to the total money receipts of a firm from the sale of a given output. TR can be calculated as:

TR = Price × Quantity

or

TR = AR × Q

Here,

TR represents total revenue

AR represents revenue per unit

Q represents total output

Thus, We can say that TR refers to the money receipts of a firm from the sale of its total output and can be estimated as:

TR = AR × Q

In the words of Dooley,

Total Revenue is the sum of all sales receipts or income of a firm.”

## Chart of Difference between Total Cost and Total Revenue :

 Basis of Difference Total Cost Total Revenue Meaning It refers to the expenditure incurred by the producer on the production of a commodity. It refers to the money received from selling the produced commodity. Components Total cost comprises fixed cost, variable cost, marginal cost, and average cost in the short run. Total Revenue comprises Marginal revenue and Average Revenue. Behaviour It increases with an increase in production or output. It increases with an increase in sales. Represents It represents the total cost of producing a specific output. Total revenue represents the total money receipts from the sale of the output over a specific period of time. Nature TC is regarded as the expenditure for any business enterprise. TR is regarded as the income for any business enterprise. Calculation It can be calculated as: Total cost = Fixed Cost + Variable Cost It can be calculated as:Total revenue = Price × Quantity.