# Question No 18 Chapter No 13 – USHA Publication 11 Class

Question No 18 Chapter No 13

Sale of Total Assets

18. Majha Transport company purchased 5 trucks at Rs 50,000 each on 1st July,2015. the company writes off depreciation @20% p.a. on original cost and observe financial years as it its accounting years.
On 1st January, 2018, one of the trucks met with an accident and is completely destroyed. Insurance company paid Rs 22,500 in full settlement of the claim. On the same day, the company purchased another truck for Rs 25,000 and spent Rs 5,000 o its overhauling.
Prepare Truck Account for 3 years ending 31st March,2018

The solution of Question No 18 Chapter No 13:-

 Dr. Truck A/c Cr. Date Particulars J.F. Amount Date Particulars J.F. Amount 01/07/15 To Cash A/c 2,50,000 31/03/16 By Deprecation A/c*1 37,500 31/03/16 By Balance C/d 2,12,500 2,50,000 2,50,000 01/04/16 To Balance b/d 2,12,500 31/03/17 By Deprecation A/c*2 50,000 31/03/17 By Balance C/d 1,62,500 2,12,500 2,12,500 01/04/17 To Balance b/d 1,62,500 01/01/18 By Bank A/c 22,500 01/01/18 To Profit/loss A/c 30,000 01/01/18 By Profit/Loss A/c 2,500 01/01/18 By Deprecation A/c 7,500 31/03/18 By Deprecation A/c*3 41,500 31/03/18 By Balance C/d 1,18,500 1,92,500 1,92,500

Working note:-

*1:- Calculation of the amount of Depreciation on furniture for the year 2015-16
Machinery purchased on 1st Jul 2015
Depreciation = Value of Asset X Rate of Depreciation X Period
Value of Asset = 2,50,000
Rate of Depreciation = 20%
Period = from 01/07/2015 to 31/03/2016 i.e. 9 months
(from the date of purchase/Beginning balance to the end of the financial year)
= 2,50,000 X 20/100 X 9/ 12
Depreciation = 37,500
Total Depreciation for the year = 37,500

*2:– Calculation of the amount of Depreciation on furniture for year 2016-17
Machinery purchased on 1st Jul 2015
Depreciation = Value of Asset X Rate of Depreciation X Period
Value of Asset = 2,50,000
Rate of Depreciation = 20%
Period = from 01/04/2016 to 31/03/2017 i.e. 9 months
(from the date of purchase/Beginning balance to end of the financial year)
= 2,50,000 X 20/100 X 9/ 12
Depreciation = 50,000
Total Depreciation for the year  50,000

 Statement Showing profit or loss on the sale of Machinery Particulars Amount Purchase value of machinery as on 1st July, 2015 50,000 Less: – Amount of Depreciation charged on year 2015-16 50,000*10%* 9/12 7,500 Amount of Depreciation charged on year 2016-17 50,000*10%* 12/12 10,000 Amount of Depreciation charged on year 2017-18 50,000*10%* 9/12 7,500 Book value of the asset as on 1st January 2019 25,000 Sale Price of Machinery 22,500 Loss on the sale of the asset 2,500

*3
:- Calculation of the amount of Depreciation on furniture for the year 2017-18
Machinery purchased on 1st Jul 2015
Depreciation = Value of Asset X Rate of Depreciation X Period
Value of Asset = 2,00,000
Rate of Depreciation = 20%
Period = from 01/04/2017 to 31/10/2018 i.e. 12 months
(from the date of purchase/Beginning balance to the end of the financial year)
= 2,00,000 X 20/100 X 12/ 12
Depreciation = 40,000
Machinery purchased on 1st October 2016
Value of Asset = 25,000
Rate of Depreciation = 20%
Period = from 01/01/2017 to 31/03/2017 i.e. 3 months
(from the date of purchase/Beginning balance to end of the financial year)
= 25,000 X 20/100 X 3/ 12
Depreciation =1.250
Total Depreciation for the year = 41,250

Depreciation | Meaning | Methods | Examples

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Also, Check out the solved question of all Chapters: –

Chapter No. 1 – Introduction

Chapter No. 2 – Theory Base of Accounting

Chapter No. 3 – Vouchers and transactions

Chapter No. 4 – Journal

Chapter No. 5 – Ledger

Chapter No. 6 – Cash Book

Chapter No. 7 – Other Subsidiary Books

Chapter No. 8 – Journal Proper

Chapter No. 9 – Trial Balance

Chapter No. 10 – Bank Reconciliation Statement

Chapter No. 11 – Depreciation

Chapter No. 12 – Provisions and Reserves

Chapter No. 13 – Bills of Exchange

Chapter No. 14 – Rectification of Errors

Chapter No. 15 – Financial Statements – (Without Adjustments)

Chapter No. 16 – Financial Statements – (With Adjustments)