# Question No 13 Chapter No 5 – T.S. Grewal 11 Class

Question No 13 Chapter No 5

13 Show the accounting Equation on the basis of the following transaction and present a balance sheet on the last new equation balance:

(i) Raj Started business with cash 70,000

(ii) Purchased goods on credit 14,000

(iii) Withdrew for private use 1,700

(iv) Goods purchased for cash 10,000

(v) Paid wages 300

(vi) Paid to Creditors 10,000

(vii) Sold goods on credit for 15,000

(viii) Sold goods for cash (cost price was Rs 3,000) 4,000

(ix) Purchased furniture for 500

### Solution of Question No 13 Chapter No 5: –

 S. No. Particulars Assets Liabilities Capital +Cash +Stock +Debtors +Fur. +Creditors (i) Raj Started business with cash 70,000 +70,000 +70,000 70,000 +70,000 (ii) Purchased goods on credit 14,000 +14,000 +14,000 70,000 +14,000 14,000 +70,000 (iii) Withdrew for private use 1,700 -1,700 -1,700 68,300 14,000 14,000 +68,300 (iv) Goods purchased for cash 10,000 -10,000 +10,000 58,300 +24,000 14,000 +68,300 (v) Paid wages 300 -300 -300 58,000 +24,000 14,000 +68,000 (vi) Paid to Creditors 10,000 -10,000 -10,000 48,000 +24,000 4,000 +68,000 (vii) Sold goods on credit for 15,000 -15,000 +15,000 48,000 +9,000 +15,000 4,000 +68,000 (viii) Sold goods for cash (cost price was Rs 3,000) 4,000 +4,000 -3,000 +1,000 52,000 +6,000 +15,000 4,000 +69,000 (ix) Purchased furniture for 500 -500 +500 Total 51,500 +6,000 +15,000 +500 4,000 +69,000

Assets: – Cash 51,500 + + Stock 6,000 + Debtors 15,000 + Furniture 500 = 73,000/-

Liabilities: – Creditors 4,000  =  4,000/-

Capital = 69,000/-

Liabilities  +Capital

4,000 + 69,000 = 73,000/-

### Explanation of All Transactions with images: –

This is not a part of the solution, So you don’t have to write it in the exam. So why we explained if it is not needed. Because This explanation will help you to understand all transactions with logic so don’t need to remember all the transactions but just understand and remember the logic use behind it.

#### Transaction No. 1

As we discuss in the previous topic, A owner and the business both have a separate identity in the eye of law. So, the business will be treated as an Artificial Person and anything invested by the owner into the business will be treated as capital.
So, In this transaction, as shown in the above image owner investing her cash into the business, this will be treated as capital of the business. The business receiving an i.e. cash.

#### Transaction No. 2

In this transaction, as shown in the above image two accounts are involved Stock (Purchase) and Creditor

• Stock :- Because business receiving goods.
• Creditor: – Because Business bought goods on credit, they did not pay anything. But it has to pay in future. so that’s why Seller is become our creditor.

#### Transaction No. 3

In this transaction, as shown in the above image three accounts are involved  i.e. one is cash and another is capital.

• Cash a/c: – payment is made in cash.
• Capital a/c:-  cash withdrawal by the owner

#### Transaction No. 4

In this transaction, as shown in the above image two accounts are involved i.e. Stock(Purchase) and Cash:

• Stock a/c (Purchase):- Because business receiving goods.
• Cash a/c : – Because business paying due amount in cash.

#### Transaction No. 5

In this transaction, as shown in the above image two accounts are involved i.e. cash and capital

• Cash A/c: – Because business cash goes out from the business.
• Capital a/c:- because business get services from its workers and paid them for it. So this is expenses for the business. “ All expenses and losses are deducted from the amount of capital.

#### Transaction No. 6

In this transaction, as shown in the above image two accounts are involved i.e. Cash and Creditors.

• Cash a/c :- Because, payment made to creditors.
• Creditors a/c : – Because, Due amount paid to creditors.

#### Transaction No. 7

In this transaction, as shown in the above image two accounts are involved i.e. Stock(Sale) and Debtors:

• Stock a/c (Sale):- Because business giving(selling) its goods.
• Debtors (Sohan) : – Because Business sold goods on credit, Customer did not pay anything. That’s why he has to pay in future to us, so that’s why Shyam is become our Debtors.

Note: The cost of goods sold are not given So, we treat it as no profit and no loss.

#### Transaction No. 8

In this transaction, as shown in the above image two accounts are involved i.e. Stock(Sale), Cash and Capital(Profit):

• Stock a/c (Sale):- Because business giving(selling) its goods.
• Capital(Profit): Because owner has right on all profit of the business so the amount of the profit will be added in the capital a/c. (Profit = sale price – cost price) 4,000-3,000 = 1,000(Profit)

#### Transaction No. 9

In this transaction, as shown in the above image two accounts are involved i.e. Furniture and Cash:

• Furniture a/c (Purchase):- Because business receiving Furniture.
• Cash a/c : – Because business transaction is not clear about the payment so it assumed that it is paid in cash.