What is Prepaid expense | Example | Journal Entry

Prepaid expenses feature image

journal entry for the prepaid expense is very simple to remember. As discussed in the previous topic on pre-paid expenses also applied the personal rule of accounting. it is explained as below:

1. What is the Prepaid Expense?

The prepaid expense is that expense which is not incurred in a current financial year(from 01/04/__ to 31/03/__) but paid in a current financial year. In other words, the expense is paid before it actually incurred.

Because we can claim expenses of business only in the financial year in which Financial year these are incurred not in which Financial year these are paid.

Example: –

01/07/2017 Insurance premium paid for the year Rs 50,000/- insurance policy valid up to 30/06/2017.

Now, the current financial year is from 01/04/2017 to 31/03/2018

The current financial year ended on 31/03/2018. So, we can only claim the expense up to 31/03/2018 in the current financial year.

So. the payment from the date 01/04/2017 to 30/06/2018 (insurance policy expiry date) is the prepaid expense for the company.

Now Question is:

2. How to calculate the prepaid expense amount?

Total Premium amount = 50,000/-

Unexpired period = 01/04/2018 to 30/06/2018

We can calculate it byway:

  1. Months Method
  2. Days Method

Months Method: – The total months from 01/04/2018 to 30/06/2018 is 3 months:

So, 50,000*3/12 = 12,500/-

By Days Method: – The total Days from 01/04/2018 to 30/06/2018 is 91 days (30+31+30):

So, 50,000*91/365 = 12,465.75/- Round off 12,466/-

3. Journal entry for prepaid expenses with the golden rule:

Example: –

01/07/2017 Insurance premium paid for the year Rs 50,000/-  insurance policy valid up to 30/06/2017. 

This is the entry of expenses paid for the current financial year and an amount of unexpired period or payment for the expense of the next financial year is Rs 12,500/- app.(calculated above).

So in this transaction, we will treat three accounts with the golden rules of accounting shown following.

  1. Insurance A/c -> Expense a/c -> Nominal Rule-> debit all the expenses-> Debit
  2. Cash a/c -> Asset A/c -> Real Rule  -> Cash goes out -> Credit
  3. Prepaid Expenses – Representative personal A/c-> Personal A/c -> received premium in advance -> Debit

The journal entry for the transaction is the following:

Journal entry for prepaid expenses 1 1 - What is Prepaid expense | Example | Journal Entry

But in a practical situation, we have the post entry of prepaid expenses/income or outstanding expenses/income on last of the financial yeas i.e. 31/03/________.

 

4. Journal entry for prepaid expenses with the modern rule.

Example: –

01/07/2017 Insurance premium paid for the year Rs 50,000/-  insurance policy valid up to 30/06/2017. 

So now, we will treat these three accounts with modern rules of accounting shown as following.

  1. Insurance A/c -> Expense a/c -> Expense Rule-> increase in expenses-> Debit

  2. Cash a/c -> Asset A/c -> asset Rule  -> Decrease in asset-> Credit

  3. Prepaid Expenses – asset Account -> Personal A/c -> increase in asset-> Debit

The journal entry remain same as above:

Journal entry for prepaid expenses 1 1 - What is Prepaid expense | Example | Journal Entry

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