Difference Between Reserve Capital and Capital Reserve

Difference Between Reserve Capital and Capital Reserve-min

The basic difference between Reserve Capital and Capital Reserve(CR) is that one is part of the capital and another is part of the capital profit respectively. To know the difference between these two, we must clear the meaning of these terms and explained as follows: –

Meaning of Reserve Capital:

It is the part of subscribed Capital which is not called up yet. These types of shares are known as subscribed but not fully paid up. The company will call this capital at the event of being wound up. We have explained it with the help of the following: 

Example: 

M/s RAJ Industries Ltd. issued a 50,000 share at Rs. 100. All shares were subscribed by the public. The share money called up by the following 4 calls:

on Application Rs 25,
on Allotment Rs 35,
on 1st calls Rs 15,
on 2nd and final calls Rs 25

Company Called up the value of share up to the 1st calls only. 

Calculate the amount of Reserved Capital. 

Solution: –

Reserved Capital = UnCalled Capital 

= Total Numbers of share X uncalled Call

= 50,000 X 25

= 12,50,000/-

Meaning of Capital Reserve:

It is the part of capital profit created for capital expenditure not free to distribute as dividends. It can be created in many ways. But we are showing one way with the help of the following example: 

Example:

M/s RAJ Industries Ltd. issued a 50,000 share at Rs. 100. All shares were subscribed by the public. The share money called up by the following 4 calls:

on Application Rs 25,
on Allotment Rs 35,
on 1st calls Rs 15,
on 2nd and final calls Rs 25

All shares are fully paid except Mr. Nand Lal who is holding 100 share fails to pay 2nd and final call. So after some time, His shares were forfeited and reissued as fully paid up @ Rs 100. 

Calculate the balance of Share forfeited transferred to CR. 

Solution: –

Calculation of Balance of Share forfeited:

Total amount received from the Mr. Nand Lal

= 100 * (25+35+15)
= 100 * 75 
= 7,500/-

All calls received except 2nd and final call. 

All forfeited shares were reissued at face value so the total balance of the share forfeited account will be transferred to the CR. 

= 7,500/-

So, it is created. 

Chart of difference between Reserve Capital and Capital Reserve: –

Basis of Difference

Reserve Capital

Capital Reserve

Meaning It is the part of subscribed Capital which is not called up yet. These types of shares are known as subscribed but not fully paid up. It is the part of capital profit created for capital expenditure not free to distribute as dividends.
Nature It is optional, not mandatory to create. It is not optional because it is appropriate to transfer capital profit in it.
Accounting Policy and Resolution To create it a special policy or resolution is required.  To create it special policy or resolution is not required because it is already cleared in the basic accounting standard. 
Treatment in Financial Statements It is not disclosed in the financial Statement.  It is disclosed in the financial statements in the notes to the balance sheet.
Creation It is an uncalled capital  It is created out of capital profit. 
Writing off Capital Losses  It can not be used to write off the capital loss.  It can be used to write off the capital loss. 


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Difference between Partnership and Company

 

Conclusion:

Thus, both terms are very different from each other because one is the part of the capital and another one is the part of the capital profit. These both are not dependent on each other. Only one can also be there in the books. 

Thanks for reading the topic.

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