Difference between Horizontal and Vertical Balance sheet

Difference between Horizontal and Vertical Balance sheet

The Difference Between Horizontal and Vertical Balance sheet is of presentation. In the horizontal balance sheet, the assets and liabilities are shown side by side but in the vertical balance sheet, the assets and liabilities are shown from top to bottom. The full meaning is explained in this article.

The whole presentation of both types of presentation is already explained in the following article: –

Balance Sheet: Meaning, Format & Examples

What is the Horizontal form of the Balance sheet:

In this form of presentation of the balance sheet, we have to present all accounts information across the page from left to right. All assets are shown on the corresponding side of all liabilities. All liabilities are shown on the left side of the balance sheet and all assets are shown on the right side of the balance sheet. 

There is also two way to sort the accounts of assets and liabilities, these are shown as following: –

  1. Based on Liquidity 
  2. Based on Permanence 

What is the Verticals form of the Balance sheet:

In the vertical form of presentation of the balance sheet, we have to present all account information across the page from top to bottom. First, we show all liabilities and capital and then after all assets. All assets are shown after all liabilities.

There is also two way to sort the accounts of assets and liabilities, these are shown as following: –

  1. Based on Liquidity 
  2. Based on Permanence

Chart of Difference between Horizontal and Vertical Balance sheet: –

Basis of Difference

Horizontal

Vertical

Meaning We have to present all accounts information across the page from left to right. we have to present all account information across the page from top to bottom.
Base of Presentation It is present side by side. It is present from top to bottom.
Number of Sides It has two sides It has only a single side.
Sides shows The left side shows Liabilities and the right side shows assets. It has only single side so firstly shown all liabilities(including capital) and then shown all assets. 
Period Includes It has included a single year data only i.e. Current year. It has included two years of data i.e., the current year as well as the previous year.
Comparability It is difficult to compare with the previous year because it includes only current year data.  It is easy to compare with the previous year because includes the data of the previous year as well. 


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Chart of Difference between Horizontal and  Vertical Balance sheet 1 min 300x288 - Difference between Horizontal and Vertical Balance sheet
Chart of Difference between Horizontal and Vertical Balance sheet-1-min

 

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Chart of Difference between Horizontal and Vertical Balance sheet-compressed

 

Conclusion:

Thus, both terms have the only main difference of presentation of the accounts of assets, liabilities and capital. One is prepared to the side by side and another is prepared from top to bottom. 

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