Liabilities Ledger account balancing | Ledger

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Liabilities Ledger account: –

Liabilities Ledger account means those specific ledger accounts which are related to that amount which is payable or pending to pay. These amounts are known as the Liabilities and Capital.

The Following are the name of the Liabilities and Capital account: –

  1. Capital
  2. Bank Loan
  3. Bank Overdraft
  4. Loan from ____________. ( Name of any person or institution)
  5. Debenture
  6. Trade payables
  7. Bills payables
  8. Outstanding Expenses
  9. Advance received income
  10. Advance from customers
  11. All reserves and surplus accounts
  12. Security Deposited from Employees

Liabilities Ledger account balancing: –

It is also known as Closing of Income Ledger account for the specific account. The closing of ledger accounts is included following steps : –

  • 1st Step: Totaling both sides.
  • 2nd Step: Writes the total of the largest side on both sides.
  • 3rd Step: Subtract the shorter side total from the larger side total.
  • 4th Step: Now, Write balance amount of larger side which we get after subtracting it from the shorter side on the shorter side of the ledger account.

Note: – 

  • Liabilities account always has a “Credit balance” 
  • Liabilities Ledger account balance will always carry forward to the next financial year.

Now we will explain it further with the help of the following illustration.

We will show only transactions related to the particular Liabilities account.

Illustration:

Prepare Bank A/c for the Month of Jan-18.

Date  Transaction  Amount 
01/01/18 Credit balance in the Bank a/c 300,000
08/01/18 Purchase goods from Ramu and paid with cheque 150,000
22/01/18 Salary paid to Employees 175,000
31/01/18 Goods sold to Priyanka and payment received by cheque 250,000

Solution:

After posting all the transaction in the journal and then posted it in the ledger we will get ledger account as shown below:

Bank A/c

Date Particulars  J.F. Amount Date Particulars J.F. Amount
31/01/18 To Sale a/c 250,000 05/01/18 By Balance b/d 300,000
12/01/18 By Purchase a/c 150,000
21/01/18 By Salary a/c 175,000
Note: – if you don’t know how to post the transactions in the ledger account please click on this link ledger.
Now, we will do it step by step
1st Step: Totaling both sides.
we got Total of the Debit side is equal to 250,000/-
and
Total of the Credit side is equal to 625,000/-

2nd Step: Writes the total of the largest side on both sides. So,

Bank A/c

Date Particulars  J.F. Amount Date Particulars J.F. Amount
31/01/18 To Sale a/c 250,000 05/01/18 By Balance b/d 300,000
12/01/18 By Purchase a/c 150,000
21/01/18 By Salary a/c 175,000
625,000 625,000
3rd Step: Subtract the shorter side total from the larger side total.

Total of the debit side(Largest side) subtracted from the credit side total(shortest)

we got 400000 – 0 = 400,000/-

4th Step: Now, Write balance amount of larger side which we get after subtracting it from the shorter side on the shorter side of the ledger account as shown below.

Bank A/c

Date Particulars  J.F. Amount Date Particulars J.F. Amount
31/01/18 To Sale a/c 250,000 05/01/18 By Balance b/d 300,000
12/01/18 By Purchase a/c 150,000
21/01/18 By Salary a/c 175,000
31/03/18 By balance c/d (B. Fig) 375,000
625,000 625,000

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