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Liabilities Ledger account balancing | Ledger

liabilities Ledger account balancing - Feature Image
liabilities Ledger account balancing - Feature Image

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Liabilities Ledger account means those specific ledger accounts which are related to that amount which is payable or pending to pay. These amounts are known as Liabilities and Capital.

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The Following are the name of the Liabilities and Capital account: –

  1. Capital
  2. Bank Loan
  3. Bank Overdraft
  4. Loan from ____________. ( Name of any person or institution)
  5. Debenture
  6. Trade payables
  7. Bills payables
  8. Outstanding Expenses
  9. Advance received income
  10. Advance from customers
  11. All reserves and surplus accounts
  12. Security Deposited from Employees

Closing of Liability Ledger account:-

It is also known as Closing of Liability Ledger account for the specific account. The closing of ledger accounts is included in the following steps : –

  • 1st Step: Totaling both sides.
  • 2nd Step: Writes the total of the largest side on both sides.
  • 3rd Step: Subtract the shorter side total from the larger side total.
  • 4th Step: Now, Write a balanced amount of larger side which we get after subtracting it from the shorter side on the shorter side of the ledger account.

Note: – 

  • Liabilities account always has a “Credit balance” 
  • Liabilities Ledger account balance will always carry forward to the next financial year.

Now we will explain it further with the help of the following illustration.

We will show only transactions related to the particular Liabilities account.

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Illustration:

Prepare Bank A/c for the Month of Jan-18.

Date Transaction Amount 
01/01/18Credit balance in the Bank a/c300,000
08/01/18Purchase goods from Ramu and paid with a cheque150,000
22/01/18Salary paid to Employees175,000
31/01/18Goods sold to Priyanka and payment received by cheque250,000

Solution:

After posting all the transaction in the journal and then posted it in the ledger we will get ledger account as shown below:

Bank A/c

DateParticulars J.F.AmountDateParticularsJ.F.Amount
31/01/18To Sale a/c250,00005/01/18By Balance b/d300,000
12/01/18By Purchase a/c150,000
21/01/18By Salary a/c175,000
Note: – if you don’t know how to post the transactions in the ledger account please click on this link ledger.
Now, we will do it step by step
1st Step: Totaling both sides.

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we got Total of the Debit side is equal to 250,000/-
and
Total of the Credit side is equal to 625,000/-

2nd Step: Writes the total of the largest side on both sides. So,

Bank A/c

DateParticulars J.F.AmountDateParticularsJ.F.Amount
31/01/18To Sale a/c250,00005/01/18By Balance b/d300,000
12/01/18By Purchase a/c150,000
21/01/18By Salary a/c175,000
625,000625,000
3rd Step: Subtract the shorter side total from the larger side total.

Total of the debit side(Largest side) subtracted from the credit side total(shortest)

we got 400000 – 0 = 400,000/-

4th Step: Now, Write balance amount of larger side which we get after subtracting it from the shorter side on the shorter side of the ledger account as shown below.

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Bank A/c

DateParticulars J.F.AmountDateParticularsJ.F.Amount
31/01/18To Sale a/c250,00005/01/18By Balance b/d300,000
12/01/18By Purchase a/c150,000
21/01/18By Salary a/c175,000
31/03/18By balance c/d (B. Fig)375,000
625,000625,000

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