Difference between Recruitment and Selection

The difference between Recruitment and Selection tells about the ways/ methods to fill the vacant jobs in the organization. Recruitment refers to invite the resumes of the candidates and selection is the process of matching the requirements with skills.

What is Recruitment?

Recruitment refers to the process of searching for appropriate candidates to fill the vacancies. By recruitment, an organization can receive a number of applications for the selection process. 

Definitions:

“It is a process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating and encouraging them to apply for jobs in an organization.” He further elaborates it, terming it both negative and positive.

-Edwin B. Flippo

 has said, “However, the act of hiring a man carries with it the presumption that he will stay with the company-that sooner or later his ability to perform his work, his capacity for job growth and his ability to get along in the group in which he works will become matters of first importance.”

-Joseph J. Famularo

What is Selection?

Selection refers to choosing the right candidate, who is most suitable for a job position that is vacant in an organization. It includes the process of interviewing the candidates and evaluating their skills, qualities, which are needed for a specific job. 

This is the process of selecting the appropriate candidate for the organization. It is a negative action because in this candidates are rejected and most suitable candidates are selected. In other words, we can say that selection helps eliminate the candidates who are lacking in knowledge, skills, and ability to do that particular work.

Definitions :

 “Selection is the process of choosing from the candidates, from within the organization or from outside, the most suitable person for the current position or for the future positions.”

-Harold Koontz

“Selection process is a managerial decision-making process as to predict which job applicants will be successful if hired.”

-David and Robbins

The Chart of difference between Recruitment and Selection

Points of differences

RecruitmentSelection
MeaningRecruitment refers to the process of searching for appropriate candidates to fill the vacancies.Selection refers to choosing the right candidate, who is most suitable for a job position that is vacant in an organization.
ObjectivesRecruitment motivates the number of candidates to apply for a particular job.Rejection of other candidates who are not suitable for that particular job.
EconomyRecruitment is not an expensive process.It is very expensive.

Approach

It is a positive approach.

It is a negative approach.
ProblemsIn recruitment, there is no hurdle for the candidates to apply for the job.

candidates have reached at their  job place by passing the hurdles

PriorityRecruitment is the first step.Selection is the final process. after selection the candidate will be the employee of the organization.
Come and byeIn recruitment, candidates are welcome by saying “Yes”.This process tells bye to those who are not suitable for the job.                     
SequenceRecruitment takes place before Selection.It takes place after Recruitment.

Conclusion:

Thus, Recruitment refers to the process of searching for appropriate candidates to fill the vacancies. This includes the positive action of the candidates. On the other hand, Selection refers to choosing the right candidate, who is most suitable for a job position that is vacant in an organization. It includes the process of interviewing the candidates and evaluating their skills

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