Question 16 Chapter 4 of +2 Part-1 – USHA Publication 12 Class Part – 1

Question 16 Chapter 4 of +2- Part-

Question 16 Chapter 4 of +2-Part-1

16. (Comprehensive Illustration) X and Y are in partnership, sharing profits in 2:3 ratio. With effect from 1st April 2019, they agreed to share profits in the ratio of 1:2. For this purpose, the goodwill of the firm is to be valued at two years purchase of the average profits of the last three years, which were Rs.75,000, Rs.80,000 and Rs.1,00,000 respectively. The reserve appears in the books at Rs.55,000. Partners neither want to show the goodwill in the books nor want to distribute the reserve. You are required to give effect to the change by passing a single journal entry. 

 

The solution of Question 16 Chapter 4 of +2 Part-1: – 

 

In the Books of A, B and C
Date Particulars
L.F. Debit Credit
2019          
April 1 Y’s Capital A/c Dr.   15,000  
  To X’s Capital A/c       15,000
  (Being capitals adjusted on account of change in profit ratio)        
         

 

Working Notes: –

 

Old Ratio = 2 : 3
New Ratio = 2 : 2
Calculate the Sacrificing or Gaining Ratio of Partners
Sacrificing or Gaining Ratio = Old ratio – New ratio

 

X’s Share Sacrificing/Gaining = 2 1
5 3
  = 6- 5
  15
  = 1 (Sacrificing)
  15

 

 

Y’s Share Sacrificing/Gaining = 3 2
5 3
  = 9 – 10
  15
  = -1 (Gain)
  15

 

Calculation of net adjustment in the partner’s capital accounts:
Particulars
A B
     
On account of goodwill (Rs.1,70,000*1/15) (Cr.)11,333 (Dr.)11,333
On account of Reserve (Rs.55,000*1/15) (Cr.) 3,667 (Dr.) 3,667
Adjustment (Cr.)15,000 (Dr.)15,000

 

 

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Also, Check out the solved question of previous Chapters: –

Usha Publication – Accountancy PSEB (Class 12) – Volume I – Solution

Chapter No. 1 – Accounting Not for Profit Organisations

Chapter No. 2 – Partnership Accounts – I

Chapter No. 3 – Partnership Accounts – II (Introduction)

Chapter No. 4 – Partnership Accounts – III (Goodwill: Nature and Valuation)

Chapter No. 5 – Partnership Accounts – IV (Reconstitution of Partnership)

Chapter No. 6 – Partnership Accounts – V (Admission of A Partner)

Chapter No. 7 – Partnership Accounts – VI (Retirement and Death of A Partner)

Chapter No. 8 – Company Accounts (Share Capital)

Chapter No. 9 – Company Accounts (Issue of Debentures)

Chapter No. 10 – Company Accounts (Redemption of Debentures)

Usha Publication – Accountancy PSEB (Class 12) – Volume II – Solution

Chapter No. 1 – Financial Statements of a Company (Balance Sheet Only)

Chapter No. 2 – Techniques of Financial Statement Analysis

Chapter No. 3 – Ratio Analysis 

Chapter No. 4 – Cash Flow Statement

Check out T.S. Grewal +2 Book 2020@ Official Website of Sultan Chand Publication

2 Book 1 min - Question 16 Chapter 4 of +2 Part-1 - USHA Publication  12 Class Part - 1
Vol. I: Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations and Partnership Firms

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