# Question 09 Chapter 4 of +2-A – T.S. Grewal 12 Class Part – A Vol. 1

Question 09 Chapter 4 of +2-A

9. A and B are partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2: 1. They decided with effect from 1st April 2018, that they would share profits in the ratio of 3: 2. But, this decision was taken after the profit for the year ended 31st March 2019 of 90,000 was distributed in the old ratio.
Firm’s goodwill was valued on the basis of the aggregate of two years’ profits preceding the date decision became effective.
The profits for the year ended 31st March 2017 and 2018 were 60,000 and 75,000 respectively. It was decided that Goodwill Account will not be opened in the books of the firm and necessary adjustment be made through Capital Accounts which on 31st March 2019 stood at 1,50,000 for A and 90,000 for B. Pass necessary Journal entries and prepare Capital Accounts.

The solution of Question 09 Chapter 4 of +2-A

 Old Ratio of A & B = 2: 1 New Ratio of A & B = 3:2

Calculate the Sacrificing or Gaining Ratio of Partners
Sacrificing or Gaining Ratio = Old Ratio – New Ratio

 A’s Sacrificing/Gaining share = 2 – 3 3 5
 = 10 – 9 15
 = 1 (Sacrificing) 15

 A’s Sacrificing/Gaining share = 1 – 2 3 5
 = 5 – 6 15
 = – 1 Gaining 15

Adjustment of profit for the year March 2019: –

 Amount of Profit Credited to A’s Capital = 90,000 X 1 15 = 6,000

 Amount of Profit Credited to B’s Capital = 90,000 X 1 15 = 6,000

Calculation of Goodwill: –

Goodwill = Profit of 2017 + Profit of 2018

= 60,000 + 75,000

= 1,35,000

 Amount of Goodwill Debited to A’s Capital = 1,35,000 X 1 15 = 9,000

 Amount of Goodwill Credited to B’s Capital = 1,35,000 X 1 15 = 9,000

 In the Books of _______________ Date Particulars L.F. Debit Credit 2019 April 1 A’s Capital A/c Dr 6,000 To B’s Capital A/c 10,000 (Being profit for 2019 adjusted with sacrificing share) April 1 B’s Capital A/c Dr 9,000 To A’s Capital A/c 9,000 (Being amount of goodwill adjusted through a capital account)
 Partners’ Capital Accountsfor the year ended 31st March 2019 Particulars A B Particulars A B To B’s Capital A/c 6,000 – By Balance B/d 1,50,000 90,000 To A’s Capital a/c – 9,000 By A’s Capital A/c – 6,000 By B’s Capital A/c 9,000 – To Balance c/d 1,53,000 87,000 1,59,000 96,000 1,59,000 96,000

### T.S. Grewal’s Double Entry Book Keeping +2 (Vol. I: Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations and Partnership Firms)

• Chapter No. 1 – Financial Statement of Not-For-Profit Organisations
• Chapter No. 2 – Accounting for Partnership Firms – Fundamentals
• Chapter No. 3 – Goodwill: Nature and Valuation
• Chapter No. 4 – Change in Profit-Sharing Ratio Among the Existing Partners
• Chapter No. 5 – Admission of a Partner
• Chapter No. 6 – Retirement/Death of a Partner
• Chapter No. 7 – Dissolution of a Partnership Firm

### T.S. Grewal’s Double Entry Book Keeping (Vol. II: Accounting for Companies)

• Chapter No. 1 – Financial Statements of a Company
• Chapter No. 2 – Financial Statement Analysis
• Chapter No. 3 – Tools of Financial Statement Analysis – Comparative Statements and Common- Size Statements
• Chapter No. 4 – Accounting Ratios
• Chapter No. 5 – Cash Flow Statement