# Goods and Services Tax vs Old Indirect Tax Structure

## Goods and Services Tax vs Old Indirect Tax Structure: –

Goods and Services Tax vs Old Indirect Tax Structure: Here is the huge change made by govt. in new Indirect tax (GST) as compare with old Indirect Taxes. In old Indirect Tax, the structure has the major problem of cascading effects (It means the tax on tax).

## We will explain cascading effects by old indirect taxes by following stage-:

• ### Stage 1-:

On the First stage, a manufacturer of Shoes will purchase raw material from anyone for Rs. 1,000 he has to pay 10% tax on it the total lending cost of raw material will be Rs. 1,100(cost=1,000 + tax=100).

• ### Stage 2-:

On the Second stage, a manufacturer sold their final product to wholesaler @ Rs 1,500/- (Cost to manufacturer = 1100 + manufacturing cost & profit= 400), Now Manufacturer has to pay tax @ 10% on the price of the product it means the total lending cost of the product is Rs. 1,650/- (Total price of product 1,500 + Taxes 150).

• ### Stage 3-:

On the third stage, a wholesaler sold this product to trader @ Rs 2,000/- (Cost to wholesaler = 1650 + wholesaling cost & profit= 350), Now Wholesaler has to pay tax @ 10% on the price of the product it means the total lending cost of the product is Rs. 2,200/- (Total price of product 2,000 + Taxes 200).

• ### Stage 4-:

On the Fourth stage, a Trader sold this product to Consumer @ Rs 2,500/- (Cost to trader = 2200 + Trader cost & profit= 300), Now Trader has to pay tax @ 10% on the price of the product it means the total lending cost of the product to Consumer is Rs. 2,750/- (Total price of product 2,500 + Taxes 250).

GST aims to solve this problem by introducing seam-less Input Tax Credit (ITC).

Today, the tax that you pay on material purchases cannot be claimed from output tax. This is set to change with ITC.

## We will explain GST effects by following stages-:

• ### Stage 1-:

On the First stage, a manufacturer of Shoes will purchase raw material from anyone for Rs. 1,000 he has to pay 10% tax on it the total lending cost of raw material will be Rs. 1,100(cost=1,000 + tax=100).

• ### Stage 2-:

On the Second stage, a manufacturer sold their final product to wholesaler @ Rs 1,500/- (Cost to manufacturer = 1100 + manufacturing cost & profit= 400), Now Manufacture has to pay tax @ 10% on only addition made in product by him it means he has to pay 10% on Rs 400/- only (Tax = Rs 40/- only).

• ### Stage 3-:

On the third stage, a wholesaler sold this product to trader @ Rs 2,000/- (Cost to wholesaler = 1540 + wholesaling cost & profit= 350), Now Wholesaler has to pay tax @ 10% on only in addition made by his in the price of product (wholesaling cost & profit) by him it means he has to pay 10% on Rs 350/- only (Tax = Rs 35/- only).

• ### Stage 4-:

On the Fourth stage, a Trader sold this product to Consumer @ Rs 2,500/- (Cost to trader = 2200 + Trader cost & profit= 300), Now Trader has to pay tax @ 10% on only on addition made by him in the price of product (Trading cost & profit) by him it means he has to pay 10% on Rs 300/- only (Tax = Rs 30/- only).

## We will explain cascading effects with help of following tables-:

In the end, the price of product reduced because of a lower tax liability (Removing of cascading effect by GST). The final value of the Shoes also therefore reduced from INR 2750 to INR 2255, thus reducing the tax burden on the final customer.

So here is with the implementation of GST consumer will get the same product at a cheap price because it removing cascading effects on the price of products.